AGRO 2015 / FSD5


#Agro2015

The 5th International Symposium for
Farming Systems Design


“Multi-functional farming systems in a changing world”

Le Corum conference center, Montpellier, France


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Workshop W3. Cropping systems design: what can we do with field experiments and expert knowledge?
Session Chair: Jean-Marc Meynard, INRA

Co-chairs: Raphaël Metral, Montpellier Supagro
Walter Rossing, WUR

 

 

This On-Farm Workshop was organized by the joint Research Unit on Functioning and management of Tropical and Mediterranean cropping systems (SYSTEM) affiliated to CIRAD, INRA, Montpellier SupAgro and IAM.M.

The workshop took place in Domaine du Chapitre, a Montpellier SupAgro's experimental farm. 50 persons from 15 countries have join the workshop for very fruitful debates.

The first part of the workshop in the morning stood in the vineyard. Four research and experimental topics on the systemic approach in grapevine perennial crop carried out by the joint research unit SYSTEM (Montpellier) were presented under a sunny weather.

After lunch, the indoor session, chaired by W. Rossing and JM Meynard, gathered 13 oral presentations. All participants were implicated in a high scientific level discussion on the methodologies and the experimental approach for cropping system design in a wide range of crops and conditions.
The workshop closed with the visit of the Domaine du Chapitre estate winery. Different wines of the estate were tasted in a friendly atmosphere.

Thanks to all the participants!

The Local Organizing Committee


Program

8.45: Departure from Corum
9.15: Arrival on Innovative grapevine cropping systems experimental plateform of Chapitre Estate and general presentation of the estate
9.30-12.00: Outdoor session (4 groups rotate between 4 workshops):
EcoViti French network: Re-designed and experimented grapevine cropping systems with economic and environnemental performances (speaker: Raphaël Métral, Montpellier SupAgro)
The experimental farm of Domaine du Chapitre (Montpellier SupAgro) is one of the main experimental plateform of the french EcoViti network of field experiments based prototyping across the wine producing regions in France. The goal is to design innovative technical systems allowing to reach high economic performances with high environmental ambitions (especially with regards to pesticides). A new method of cropping systems prototyping for complex perennial systems has been developed and applied in 29 experimental platforms in 6 regions.
Adaptative soil management in grapevine field without herbicides (FERTILCROP project) (speaker: Aurélie Metay, Montpellier SupAgro)
Covercrop in vineyards is an alternative to herbicide use. However, such cover crop modifies water and mineral balances in the vine plots. UMR System studies how water and nitrogen stress induced by the presence of cover affects growth, exposure to diseases and vine yields. The domaine du Chapitre vineyard has provided plots in which contrasting water and nitrogen regimes (tilled soil, fertility, irrigated, fertilized and irrigated, grass or legume cover, green manure, organic amendment) have been tested since 2002. Results about competition for water and nitrogen between grapevine and cover crop have been shown and indicators to adapt the management of the covercrop (sowing/ mowing/ destroying) are under development in order to reach win win trade-offs (production and ecosystem services).
• Assessment of yield losses due to pest and diseases in grapevine cropping systems (DAMAGES project) (speaker: Nathalie Smits, INRA)
Grapevine is one of the most pesticide consuming crop in France and in Europe. In order to build and propose strategies to reduce pesticide use, one need to understand and quantifiy how grapevine pests and diseases cause yield losses in grapes. A project, granted by INRA SMaCH “metaprogramme”, aims at studying impact on yield of multiple pests and disease both by experimental monitoring and simple modelling.
• Discussion with advisors: field experiments and extension in viticulture (animated by Nathalie Goma-Fortin, Chambre d'agriculture 34)

10.30: morning break (fresh drinks)
12.00-2pm: lunch in Villeneuve lès Maguelone (“La Chapelle” restaurant)

2.30- 5.15 pm: Indoor session

2.00-2.25: “System experiments: methodological progress”
Jean-Marc Meynard, INRA, France

2.25-2.40: “SYPPRE : A project to promote innovations in arable crop production mobilizing farmers and stakeholders and including co-design, ex-ante evaluation and experimentation of multi-service farming systems matching with regional challenges”
Clotilde Toqué, Arvalis Institut du végétal, France

2.40-2.45: “Describing cropping system tested in an experimental network : contribution to analysis of results and sustainability performances and to inspiration of farmers, trainers and R&D”
Marie-Sophie Petit, Chambre d'Agriculture de Bourgogne, France

2.45-3.00: “Design and multicriteria assessment of low-input cropping systems prototypes based on agroecological principles in southwestern France”
Eric Justes, INRA, France

3.00-3.05: “An example of agro-ecological transition on the Saint-Laurent de la Prée research farm : method and first results” (online video not authorized by the author)
Daphné Durant, INRA, France

3.05-3.20: “Design and development of Integrated farming system module for various agro ecosystems of Hyderabad- Karnataka region”
Bheemsainrao Desai, University of Agricultural sciences, Raichur, India

3.20-3.25:Decisional-model for analyzing and scaling out innovative cropping systems”
Raymond Reau, AgroParistech, France

3.25-3.55: Afternoon break

3.55-4.10: “Integrated effects of conservation agriculture in a crop-livestock system on western Loess Plateau, China”
Lingling Li, Gansu Agricultural University, China

4.10-4.15: “A procedure to analyze multiple Ecosystem Services in apple orchards”
Constance Demestihas, CTIFL, France

4.15-4.30: “Intercropping grains, oilseeds and row crops with forage species to enhance cropping system sustainability”
Aaron Mills, Agriculture and Agri-Food, Canada

4.30-4.35: “Understanding the origins of the performance gaps in innovative cropping systems”
Caroline Colnenne-David, INRA, France

4.35-4.50: “Design, experimentation and assessment of four protected vegetable cropping systems adapted to different food systems”
Amélie Lefèvre, INRA, France

4.50-4.55: Open-up the (co)design process of farming systems: a reflexive analysis”
Chloé Salembier, INRA, France


5.00 -6.15: Visit of Chapitre estate winery and wine tasting

6.45: Arrival at Corum

 



 


Updated 02.02.16



Organizing Committee FSD5
/ AGRO2015
Contact: Brigitte Cabantous - Tel. +33 (0)4.67.61.49.22 - Fax. +33 (0)4.67.61.75.19
Email: fsd5@european-agronomy.org

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